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Saturday, June 24, 2017

منظمة الطيران الدولى تتجنب التدخل بصراعات قطر ICAO expected to duck Qatar intervention

منظمة الطيران الدولى تتجنب التدخل بصراعات قطر
ICAO expected to duck Qatar intervention

الـ"إيكاو" تؤكد للدوحة: لا علاقة لنا بالأمور السياسية ..
منظمة الطيران الدولى تحرج قطر وتؤكد على سلامة موقف السعودية

فى ضربة دولية جديدة لدولة الإرهاب والفتنة قطر، رد مجلس إدارة منظمة الطيران المدنى الدولى الـ"إيكاو" اليوم السبت، على شكوى الحكومة القطرية التى قدمتها ضد السعودية، حيث أكدت المنظمة الدولية للدوحة أن دورها فى النزاع الإقليمى ينحصر فى ضمان سلامة وأمن الملاحة الجوية ولن يتطرق إلى الأمور السياسية لعدم الاختصاص.

وقالت صحيفة "الوئام" السعودية، إن المملكة العربية السعودية قد أكدت لمنظمة الطيران المدنى الدولى قانونية وسلامة الإجراءات التى اتخذتها بحق الطيران القطرى بمنعه من دخول أجواء المملكة، وأنها مستمدة من حقوقها السيادية المنبثقة من القانون الدولى والمتوافقة مع قرارات مجلس الأمن ومنها رقم 2309 و1373 المتعلقان بمكافحة الإرهاب بجميع أشكاله، واحترام اتفاقية الطيران المدنى الدولى (اتفاقية شيكاغو 1944) وجميع ملاحقها.

وقام وزير النقل السعودى سليمان الحمدان، ووزير النقل فى مملكة البحرين المهندس محمد كمال، ورئيس هيئة الطيران المدنى بدولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة سيف السويدى، ورئيس سلطة الطيران المدنى بمصر المهندس هانى العدوى، ومساعد رئيس الهيئة العامة للطيران المدنى السعودى الكابتن عبدالحكمى البدر، بزيارة إلى مقر منظمة الطيران المدنى الدولى بمدينة مونتريال بكندا واجتمعوا برئيس مجلس المنظمة الدكتور برنارد أليو، ومع الأمينة العامة الدكتورة فينج ليو وعدد من مديرى الإدارات بمنظمة الإيكاو، وبالمندوبين الدائمين للدول الأعضاء فى مجلس المنظمة، وقاموا بشرح الإجراءات كافة التى اتخذتها كل من السعودية والبحرين ومصر والإمارات تنفيذاً لقرارات حكومات تلك الدول.

كما رد الوفد على استفسارات المنظمة وفند كل الادعاءات القطرية ومحاولاتهم فى تضليل المنظمات بمعلومات غير صحيحة حول الوضع الراهن التى ما زالوا يروجونها على أعضاء مجلس إدارة المنظمة وأمانتها العامة.

وقدم الوفد ما يثبت عدم صحتها من خلال الخرائط والبيانات الدقيقة التى توضح حركة الملاحة الجوية للطائرات القطرية فى المسارات الدولية والمجال الجوى فى الدول الأخرى.

Qatar has called on the International Civil Aviation Organization to resolve its airspace dispute with Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates, although few if any lawyers expect the UN agency to arbitrate the political stand-off beyond trying to calm the ongoing row.

The Gulf state petitioned ICAO’s governing council on 12 June to intervene in the dispute, which has seen Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and the UAE close national airspace to Qatari-registered carriers and airplanes.

ICAO confirmed on 14 June that it was reviewing the request and that it planned to host discussions between senior government officials from Qatar, the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and Egypt in Montreal on 15 June. It said it would seek a “consensus-based solution” to alleviate “current regional concerns”.

ICAO headquarters in Montreal

“ICAO is presently reviewing requests from the government of Qatar to assess the flight restrictions imposed upon it by neighbouring states,” ICAO said in a statement. “We are working [to] bring these states together towards a solution which satisfies both their current regional concerns and the global needs and expectations of passengers and shippers.”

Qatar sent a letter to ICAO on 12 June asking it to enact a dispute resolution mechanism set out under the Chicago Convention, which would see ICAO’s council vote on the validity of the airspace restrictions.

Qatar Airways chief executive Akbar Al Baker has publicly called on ICAO to weigh in on the dispute and declare the airspace restrictions illegal. He accused Bahrain and the UAE of breaching the terms of the Chicago Convention.

“We have legal channels to object to this. ICAO... should heavily get involved, put their weight behind this to declare this an illegal act,” he said.

Although dispute resolution provisions exist under the Chicago Convention, any adjudication by ICAO in this instance is unlikely, said Nick Humphrey, a partner at Kennedys in Dubai, due to the political nature of the impasse.

“Qatar wants to get an independent body involved to bring a quick resolution to the dispute, through mediation or adjudication. But in reality, these are broader political issues, which ICAO has not historically got involved in,” he said. “I doubt there will be any expectation that ICAO will issue a decision as there is no precedent.”

In 1952, ICAO successfully mediated a dispute between India and Pakistan following partition, after the latter imposed a no-fly zone over parts of territory, while in 1958 it mediated a dispute between Jordan and the then-named United Arab Republic union between Egypt and Syria.

“ICAO mediated those past disputes, but as an adjudicator it does not have any precedent. Ultimately, ICAO is as powerful as its members. It will likely take the position that this is a regional matter for the parties to try and resolve first,” he said.

“Even if a claim is made to ICAO, the processes of dispute resolution may well take much longer than the time it takes for the airspace to be opened up again,” he added.

Aviation authorities in UAE, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain issued separate statements on 13 June defending their decision to close airspace to Qatari carriers, while also clarifying that the restrictions did not apply to foreign carriers wishing to fly to and from Qatar.

Each confirmed its commitment to the Chicago Convention, but defended the measures taken to protect national security.  

Were ICAO to intervene in the dispute, a ruling on the airspace restrictions would be decided by its council under article 84 of the Chicago Convention, which could subsequently be appealed before an arbitrator. Saudi Arabia and the UAE both sit on ICAO’s council, but would be restricted from casting a vote on the dispute.

Qatari’s petition to ICAO comes after Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the UAE, Egypt and several other countries severed diplomatic ties, shut airspace and closed borders with Qatar on 5 June, after accusing it of supporting terrorist groups, which the country denies.

Aviation authorities in Saudi Arabia and Bahrain cancelled all existing licences granted to Qatar Airways the same week. The Saudi agency and its counterpart in Bahrain also instructed the Qatari carrier to close its offices in both countries. 

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